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Parts of Speech » October: Adjectives

October: Adjectives


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ADJECTIVES

Lessons 1-5

 

 

Lesson 1
Parts of Speech - Adjectives

Adjectives, another part of speech, give us a great deal of terminology. I will share it with you, but all that is really important is that adjectives modify or affect the meaning of nouns and pronouns and tell us which, whose, what kind, and how many about the nouns or pronouns they modify. They generally come before the noun or pronoun they modify, but there are exceptions to that rule. How and why they are different will be explained in later lessons. They still tell us which, whose, what kind, and how many.

There are seven (7) words in the English language that are always adjectives. They are the articles a, an, and the and the possessives my, our, your, and their. (The possessives are from the possessive pronoun list but are always used with nouns as adjectives.) Being only seven in number, one should memorize them so they are immediately recognized as adjectives.

Examples: The neighbor girl likes chocolate ice cream. Mr. Johanson is tall, dark and handsome.

Some authorities like to distinguish between what they call true adjectives and determiners, but both still just tell which, whose, what kind, and how many. Those words are the key to adjectives and should be memorized to make adjectives easy.


Instructions: Pick out the adjectives in the following sentences.

1. The heavy red dress of Queen Elizabeth weighed over fifty pounds.

2. My sister chose two shirts for my graduation present.

3. That small Mexican restaurant in the next block serves fresh meals.

4. The little black dog barked at the well-dressed stranger.

5. An old wood fence had caught several discarded candy wrappers.

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

1. The, heavy, red, fifty.


2. My, two, my, graduation


3. That, small, Mexican, the, next, fresh


4. The, little, black, the, well-dressed


5. An, old, wood, several, discarded, candy

 

 

Lesson 2
Parts of Speech - Adjectives

Other pronouns can also be used as adjectives, but they are not always adjectives as the seven mentioned in lesson 31. Demonstrative pronouns, this, that, these, those; interrogative pronouns, whose, which, what; and indefinite pronouns, another, any, both, each, either, many, neither, one, other, some; when used with a noun become adjectives. Cardinal and ordinal numbers can be adjectives. Examples: ten students (cardinal), the tenth student (ordinal). Pronouns used as adjectives are called pronominal adjectives.


Instructions: List the adjectives in these sentences.

1, Whose car is that red one in the driveway?

2. Those drapes go well with this brown carpet.

3. The two men were wondering what signal had brought many people to their rescue.

4. The third person entering the city park won another prize.

5. That tie is a good one for this suit.

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

1. Whose, that, red, the


2. Those, this, brown


3. The, two, what, many, their


4. The, third, the, city, another


5. That, a, good, this

 

 

Lesson 3
Parts of Speech - Adjectives

Proper nouns, possessives and modifiers made from them, and common nouns can be adjectives. Examples: July storms, winter weather, Jim's boat, boy's bed.

Some authorities call nouns used to described another noun noun adjuncts. They tell us whose or what kind.


Instructions: Find the adjectives in these sentences..

1. Dan's new hat blew down the man's stairway.

2. Stormy spring weather can cause many flash floods.

3. Pam's new suitcase was ready for the Canadian trip.

4. December winds can make a dangerous Christmas trip.

5. The student's hope was the teacher's happiness.

 

 


Answers:

1. Dan's, new, the, man's


2. Stormy, spring, many, flash


3. Pam's, new, the, Canadian


4. December, a, dangerous, Christmas


5. The, student's, the, teacher's

 

Lesson 4
Parts of Speech - Adjectives

Verb forms can also be used as adjectives. They are called participial adjectives.

Examples: the lost mine, the howling wolf.


Instructions: Pick out the adjectives in these sentences.

1. The soaking rain caused much damage.

2. The broken dish cut the crying girl.

3. A great work was done by the person with a giving spirit.

4. The laughing hyena was sleeping in its cage.

5. The eager student found the torn book.

 

 


 

Answers:

1. The, soaking, much


2. The, broken, the, crying


3. A, great, the, a, giving


4. The, laughing, its


5. The, eager, the, torn

 

 

Lesson 5
Parts of Speech - Adjectives

Adjectives are not limited in how many can be used with a noun to modify it as in the big black frightening curly bear. These adjectives follow an order pattern when two or more are used together. There is no written rule but just common usage.

Examples: the second three days, both his friends. You would not say three second the days or his both friends.


Instructions: Because many words can be both pronouns and adjectives depending on how they are used in a sentence, decide if the italicized words are pronouns or adjectives in the following sentences. Remember that pronouns stand alone, but adjectives are used to modify nouns.

1. Do either of you have any of this material. Any amount would help.

2. Each girl did her chores, and their mother gave each a hug.

3. This is our answer, and no one disagrees.

4. Both have many chances to play, but neither one is better.

5. What is your name because neither of us knows it?

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

1. Either and the first any are pronouns, this and the second any are adjectives.


2. The first each and their are adjectives, and the second each is a pronoun.


3. This and no one are pronouns.


4. Both and one are pronouns, and many and neither are adjectives.


5. What and neither are pronouns, and your is an adjective.

 

 

Quiz for Lessons 1-5
Parts of Speech - Adjectives


Instructions: Find all the adjectives in these sentences.

1. Our first idea met with many strong complaints.

2. The happy shout from the three frolicking children greeted their dad on his return.

3. Star Wars is an exciting movie for most people.

4. The flooded basement caused terrible damage.

5. The Johanson family just returned from a hot, exhausting trip to Arizona.

 

 

 

Answers:

1. Our, first, many, strong


2. The, happy, the, three, frolicking, their, his


3. an, exciting, most


4. The, flooded, terrible


5. The, Johanson, a, hot, exhausting

 

 

 

ADJECTIVES

Lessons 6-10 - Parts of Speech - Adjectives

 

 

Lesson 6
Parts of Speech - Adjectives

Adjectives can be used in comparisons which means we change the form of the adjective when speaking of one, two, or more than two. They change either by adding er or est to the adjective or by using the words more or most before the adjective. Some are irregular in their form and must be memorized or looked up in the dictionary. The dictionary gives the forms for most words using er or est to form comparisons. The three degrees of comparison are called (1) positive which states a quality of one thing or person, (2) comparative which compares two things or persons, and (3) superlative which compares more than two things or persons. Examples: positive - new, careless, good; comparative - newer, more careless, better; superlative - newest, most careless, best


Instructions: Write the comparative and superlative forms of the following adjectives.

1. jolly

2. honest

3. dim

4. friendly

5. little

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

1. jolly, jollier, jolliest


2. honest, more honest, most honest


3. dim, dimmer, dimmest


4. friendly, friendlier, friendliest


5. little, less or lesser or littler, least or littlest (Little when referring to amount uses less, lesser and least; when referring to size uses littler and littlest.)

 

 

Lesson 7
Parts of Speech - Adjectives

In comparison of adjectives, one-syllable adjectives and some two-syllable adjectives (especially those ending in y or le) form the comparative with er and the superlative with est. Examples: new, newer, newest; jolly, jollier, jolliest.


Instructions: Write the correct comparative and superlative forms for the following adjectives.

1. glad

2. prompt

3. small

4 noble

5. funny

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

1. glad, gladder, gladdest


2. prompt, prompter, promptest


3. small, smaller, smallest


4. noble, nobler, noblest


5. funny, funnier, funniest

 

 

Lesson 8
Parts of Speech - Adjectives

Many two-syllable adjectives and almost all adjectives with three or more syllables use more or most to form the comparative and superlative forms. Examples: honest, more honest, most honest; careful, more careful, most careful.


Instructions: Write the comparative and superlative forms for these words.

1. interesting

2. critical

3. splendid

4. delicious

5. outstanding

 

 

 

Answers:

1. interesting, more interesting, most interesting


2. critical, more critical, most critical


3. splendid, more splendid, most splendid


4. delicious, more delicious, most delicious


5. outstanding, more outstanding, most outstanding

 

 

Lesson 9
Parts of Speech - Adjectives

There are a few adjectives that are irregular in their comparisons. Examples: good, better, best.


Instructions: Give the comparative and superlative forms of the following words.

1. many

2. ill

3. much

4. perfect

5. bad

 

 

 

 

Answers:

1. many, more, most


2. ill, worse, worst


3. much, more, most


4. perfect - cannot be compared since there is no more perfect or most perfect.


5. bad, worse, worst

 

 

Lesson 10
Parts of Speech - Adjectives

Never use double comparisons. If you use er or est, then don't use more or most. Correct: He is busier than I. Incorrect: He is more busier than I.


Instructions: Chose the correct form in the following sentences.

1. Yesterday we played our (worse, worst) concert.

2. I am (more hungrier, hungrier) now.

3. Who is the (shorter, more shorter, most short, shortest) of the four sisters?

4. Is this the (best, better, more better, most best ) value that you have?

5. John is the (most happiest, happiest) kid I know.

 

 

 

Answers:

1. worst


2. hungrier


3. shortest


4. best


5. happiest

 

 

Quiz for Lessons 6-10
Parts of Speech - Adjectives


Instructions: Give the comparative and superlative forms for these adjectives.

1. fair

2. tender

3. difficult

4. earnest

5. responsible

6. easy

7. many

8. straight

9, muddy

10. cheerful

 

 

 

 

Answers:

1. fair, fairer, fairest


2. tender, tenderer, tenderest


3. difficult, more difficult, most difficult


4. earnest, more earnest, most earnest


5. responsible, more responsible, most responsible


6. easy, easier, easiest


7. many, more, most


8. straight, straighter, straightest


9. muddy, muddier, muddiest


10. cheerful, more cheerful, most cheerful

 

 

 

 

 

 

ADJECTIVES

Lessons 11-15 - Parts of Speech - Adjectives

 

 

Lesson 11
Parts of Speech - Adjectives

Use the article an before a word beginning with a vowel (a,e,i,o,u) or a vowel sound (words beginning with a silent h as heir, hour).  Words that start with eu or u that are pronounced with a long u or pronounced like "you" use the article a before them.  Examples:  an egg, an hour, an orange, an idea, a house, a mouse, a river, a boy, a ukulele, a eucalyptus tree.


Instructions: Use the correct article before the following words.

1. girl

2. man

3. horse

4. apple

5. honor

6. restaurant

7. industry

8. eye

9. car

10. flower

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

1. a girl


2. a man


3. a horse


4. an apple


5. an honor


6. a restaurant


7. an industry


8. an eye


9. a car


10. a flower

 

Lesson 12
Parts of Speech - Adjectives

When you are using separate nouns, be sure to use the articles (a, an, or the) before each noun. If only one thing or person is meant, do not repeat the article.

Examples: I need a secretary and a bookkeeper. ( two persons)

I need a secretary and bookkeeper. (one person)

She lost the black and white kitten. (one kitten)

She lost the black and the white kitten. (two kittens)


Instructions: Choose the correct form in these sentences.

1. Mrs. Jones is (a wife and a doctor, a wife and doctor).

2. Jane wanted (a girl and a boy, a girl and boy) for the committee.

3. Jack was wearing (a green and red, a green and a red) shirt.

4. Joan wants to be (a rock star or a lawyer, a rock star or lawyer).

5. Jim brought (a bat and ball, a bat and a ball).

 

 

 

 

Answers:

1. a wife and doctor


2. a girl and a boy


3. a green and red


4. a rock star or a lawyer


5. a bat and a ball

 

 

Lesson 13
Parts of Speech - Adjectives

Use this or that with kind or sort because both are singular; use these or those with kinds or sorts because both are plural. Examples: this or that kind of stocks, these or those kinds of stocks, this or that sort of people, these or those sorts of people


Instructions: Choose the correct word (this, that, these, those) for each of the blanks in these sentences.

1. _____ sort of computer is much better.

2. Paul bought ____ kind of car.

3. I like ____ sorts of cars better.

4. ____ kinds of problems are hard.

5. What did ____ sorts of shoes cost?

 

 

 

 

Answers:

1. this or that


2. this or that


3. these or those


4. these or those


5. these or those

 

 

Lesson 14
Parts of Speech - Adjectives

Do not use the pronoun them for the adjectives these or those.

Correct: Give me those papers.

Correct: Give me them.

Incorrect: Give me them papers.


Instructions: Choose the correct word (these, those, them) for the blanks in the following sentences.

1. _____ questions are good ones.

2. I will show ______ the answers.

3. Are _____ clothes on sale?

4. ____ actors and singers at Old Tucson were good.

5. We enjoyed ____ very much.

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

1. these or those


2. them


3. these or those


4. these or those


5. them

 


Lesson 15
Parts of Speech - Adjectives

This is just a review assignment covering lessons 41 to 44. See how you do and then go back and review areas that caused trouble.


Instructions: Choose the correct adjectives in these sentences.

1. (Them, Those) skate boards are in the wrong place.

2. (This, These) kind of job is hard work.

3. You need (a pen and a calculator, a pen and calculator).

4. Our society needs (these, that) kinds of rules.

5. The zoo has (a, an) elephant that is huge.

 

 

 

Answers:

1. Those


2. This


3. a pen and a calculator


4. these


5. an

 

 

Quiz for Lessons 11-15
Parts of Speech - Adjectives


Instructions: Choose the correct answer in these sentences.

1. Mr. Smith is (a husband and father, a husband and a father).

2. (An, A) orange is sweeter than (an, a) pear.

3. May I go to the movie with (them, those) boys?

4. I would avoid (this, these) kinds of back operations.

5. (That, those) sorts of plants are poisonous.

6. May I go help (those, these, them)?

7. James wants (a watch and a camera, a watch and camera).

8. (A, An) answer is what I need now.

 

 

 

Answers:

1. a husband and father


2. an and a


3. those


4. these


5. those


6. them


7. a watch and a camera


8. an







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